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Kamrin's Guide

Ancient Egyptian Hieroglyphs: A Practical Guide - A Step-by-Step Approach to Learning Ancient Egyptian Hieroglyphs by Janice Kamrin

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Kamrin in MdC

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Kamrin's vocab in MdC

The Study

Come in and brush up on your ancient Egyptian vocab.

VOCAB: with tweet at a time.

Every day Bennu used to tweet a single word in ancient Egyptian via the micro-blogging platform Twitter in the following format:

VOCAB: (MdC): Apd, (English): Bird, (Hieroglyphs):

These daily vocab 'flash-tweets' were then bundled together at the end of each week and posted on this page as a weekly revision. Though VOCAB: with Bennu is no longer active the resources are left here for others who might be studying the Ancient Egyptian language.

The VOCAB: with Bennu materials are best used in conjunction with Janice Kamrin's "Ancient Egyptian Hieroglyphs - A Practical Guide".

Joining an online group such as GlyphStudy can also be very beneficial enabling you to learn as part of a group.

Week 1

VOCAB: (MdC): Apd, (English): Bird, (Hieroglyphs):
VOCAB: (MdC): iqr, (English): Excellent, (Hieroglyphs):
VOCAB: (MdC): bin, (English): Evil, Bad, (Hieroglyphs):
VOCAB: (MdC): pn, (English): this (masculine), (Hieroglyphs):
VOCAB: (MdC): tn, (English): this (feminine), (Hieroglyphs):
VOCAB: (MdC): hy, (English): husband, (Hieroglyphs):
VOCAB: (MdC): xfty, (English): enemy, (Hieroglyphs):

Resources: Video 1

Week 2

VOCAB: (MdC): Hqr, (English): hungry, (Hieroglyphs):
VOCAB: (MdC): xt (English): thing, (Hieroglyphs):
VOCAB: (MdC): st, (English): seat, throne, (Hieroglyphs):
VOCAB: (MdC): hA, (English): naked, (Hieroglyphs):
VOCAB: (MdC): z, (English): man, (Hieroglyphs):
VOCAB: (MdC): zt, (English): woman, (Hieroglyphs):

Resources: Video 2

Week 3 - Suffix Prounouns

VOCAB: (MdC): i, (English): I, my, (Hieroglyphs):
VOCAB: (MdC): k, (English): you, your (m.), (Hieroglyphs):
VOCAB: (MdC): T or t, (English): you, your (f.), (Hieroglyphs):
VOCAB: (MdC): f, (English): he, his, it, its, (Hieroglyphs):
VOCAB: (MdC): s, (English): she, hers, it, its, (Hieroglyphs):
VOCAB: (MdC): n, (English): we, ours, (Hieroglyphs):
VOCAB: (MdC): Tn or tn, (English): you, your (plural), (Hieroglyphs):
VOCAB: (MdC): sn, (English): they, theirs, (Hieroglyphs):

Resources: Chart 3 | Video 3

Week 4

VOCAB: (MdC): wiA, (English): sacred bark, (Hieroglyphs):
VOCAB: (MdC): r, (English): mouth, (Hieroglyphs):
VOCAB: (MdC): smsw, (English): elder, eldest, (Hieroglyphs):
VOCAB: (MdC): Hnqt, (English): beer, (Hieroglyphs):
VOCAB: (MdC): it, (English): father, (Hieroglyphs):
VOCAB: (MdC): a, (English): arm, (Hieroglyphs):

Resources: Chart 4 | Video 4 | Slides 4

Week 5

VOCAB: (MdC): xpS, (English): foreleg of ox, (Hieroglyphs):
VOCAB: (MdC): Xt, (English): body, (Hieroglyphs):
VOCAB: (MdC): snb, (English): health, (Hieroglyphs):
VOCAB: (MdC): S , (English): pool, (Hieroglyphs):
VOCAB: (MdC): t, (English): bread, (Hieroglyphs):
VOCAB: (MdC): inpw, (English): Anubis (a god), (Hieroglyphs):

Resources: Chart 5 | Video 5 | Slides 5

Week 6

VOCAB: (MdC): pt, (English): sky, (Hieroglyphs):
VOCAB: (MdC): ptH, (English): Ptah (a god), (Hieroglyphs):
VOCAB: (MdC): m, (English): in, from, (Hieroglyphs):
VOCAB: (MdC): ra, (English): Re (the sun god), (Hieroglyphs):
VOCAB: (MdC): rn, (English): name, (Hieroglyphs):
VOCAB: (MdC): wt, (English): place of embalming, (Hieroglyphs):

Resources: Chart 6 | Video 6 | Slides 6

Week 7

VOCAB: (MdC): zkr, (English): Sokar (a god), (Hieroglyphs):
VOCAB: (MdC): xr, (English): before, in front of, with, (Hieroglyphs):
VOCAB: (MdC): ip, (English): count; inspect, (Hieroglyphs):
VOCAB: (MdC): wbn, (English): rise, (Hieroglyphs):
VOCAB: (MdC): rx, (English): know, (Hieroglyphs):
VOCAB: (MdC): Dd, (English): speak, (Hieroglyphs):

Resources: Chart 7 | Video 7

Week 8

VOCAB: (MdC): AbDw, (English): Abdju (Abydos), (Hieroglyphs):
VOCAB: (MdC): ib, (English): heart, (Hieroglyphs):
VOCAB: (MdC): aA, (English): great, (Hieroglyphs):
VOCAB: (MdC): aA, (English): donkey, (Hieroglyphs):
VOCAB: (MdC): pr, (English): house, (Hieroglyphs):
VOCAB: (MdC): nb, (English): lord, master, (Hieroglyphs):

Resources: Chart 8 | Video 8

Week 9

VOCAB: (MdC): nbt, (English): lady; mistress, (Hieroglyphs):
VOCAB: (MdC): zA, (English): son , (Hieroglyphs):
VOCAB: (MdC): zAt, (English): daughter, (Hieroglyphs):
VOCAB: (MdC): xa, (English): appearance, (Hieroglyphs):
VOCAB: (MdC): tA, (English): earth, (Hieroglyphs):
VOCAB: (MdC): Ddw, (English): Djedu (Busiris), (Hieroglyphs):

Resources: Chart 9 | Video 9 | Slides 9

Week 10

VOCAB: (MdC): imAxi , (English): revere; honour, (Hieroglyphs):
VOCAB: (MdC): iri , (English): make; do, (Hieroglyphs):
VOCAB: (MdC): mri, (English): love, (Hieroglyphs):
VOCAB: (MdC): msi, (English): bear; give birth, (Hieroglyphs):
VOCAB: (MdC): Hzi, (English): praise, (Hieroglyphs):
VOCAB: (MdC): Hmt, (English): woman; wife, (Hieroglyphs):

Resources: Chart 10 / Chart 10 (colour) | Video 10 | Slides 10

Week 11

VOCAB: (MdC): sn, (English): brother; companion, (Hieroglyphs):
VOCAB: (MdC): Aw, (English): be long, (Hieroglyphs):
VOCAB: (MdC): Hm, (English): servant; Majesty (for king), (Hieroglyphs):
VOCAB: (MdC): Hr, (English): upon, (Hieroglyphs):
VOCAB: (MdC): kA, (English): bull, (Hieroglyphs):
VOCAB: (MdC): mi, (English): like (similar to) , (Hieroglyphs):

Resources: Chart 11 / Chart 11 (colour) | Video 11 | Slides 11

Week 12

VOCAB: (MdC): mw, (English): water, (Hieroglyphs):
VOCAB: (MdC): nxt, (English): strong; mighty, (Hieroglyphs):
VOCAB: (MdC): HD, (English): white; silver, (Hieroglyphs):
VOCAB: (MdC): tp, (English): head; upon, (Hieroglyphs):
VOCAB: (MdC): dpt, (English): boat, (Hieroglyphs):
VOCAB: (MdC): Dw, (English): mountain, (Hieroglyphs):

Resources: Chart 12 / Chart 12 (colour) | Video 12 | Slides 12

Week 13

VOCAB: (MdC): Dt, (English): forever, (Hieroglyphs):
VOCAB: (MdC): anx, (English): life, live, (Hieroglyphs):
VOCAB: (MdC): wAs, (English): dominion, (Hieroglyphs):
VOCAB: (MdC): wAst, (English): Waset (Thebes), (Hieroglyphs):
VOCAB: (MdC): wAt, (English): path, road, (Hieroglyphs):
VOCAB: (MdC): wa, (English): one, sole, unique, (Hieroglyphs):

Resources: Chart 13 | Video 13 | Slides 13

Week 14

VOCAB: (MdC): wpi, (English): open, (Hieroglyphs):
VOCAB: (MdC): wHm, (English): repeat, (Hieroglyphs):
VOCAB: (MdC): bity, (English): King of Lower Egypt, (Hieroglyphs):
VOCAB: (MdC): mAa, (English): true, (Hieroglyphs):
VOCAB: (MdC): mAat, (English): truth, (Hieroglyphs):
VOCAB: (MdC): mwt, (English): mother, (Hieroglyphs):

Resources: Chart 14

Week 15

VOCAB: (MdC): nb, (English): every; all, (Hieroglyphs):
VOCAB: (MdC): nbty, (English): Two Ladies, (Hieroglyphs):
VOCAB: (MdC): nbw, (English): gold, (Hieroglyphs):
VOCAB: (MdC): nfr, (English): beautiful; good, (Hieroglyphs):
VOCAB: (MdC): nswt, (English): king; King of Upper Egypt, (Hieroglyphs):
VOCAB: (MdC): nTr, (English): god, (Hieroglyphs):

Resources: Chart 15

Week 16

VOCAB: (MdC): Hwt, (English): mansion, (Hieroglyphs):
VOCAB: (MdC): Hr, (English): Horus, (Hieroglyphs):
VOCAB: (MdC): Hqr, (English): ruler, (Hieroglyphs):
VOCAB: (MdC): Htp, (English): offering, (Hieroglyphs):
VOCAB: (MdC): xAst, (English): foreign land, (Hieroglyphs):
VOCAB: (MdC): xrw, (English): voice, (Hieroglyphs):
VOCAB: (MdC): stp, (English): choose, (Hieroglyphs):

Resources: Chart 16

Week 17

VOCAB: (MdC): rdi, di, (English): give; cause, (Hieroglyphs): ,
VOCAB: (MdC): Dd, (English): stability, (Hieroglyphs):
VOCAB: (MdC): wr, (English): great one, (Hieroglyphs):
VOCAB: (MdC): wsir, (English): Osiris, (Hieroglyphs):
VOCAB: (MdC): iwnw, (English): Iunu (Heliopolis), (Hieroglyphs):
VOCAB: (MdC): nHH, (English): eternity, (Hieroglyphs): or
VOCAB: (MdC): r, (English): to; for, (Hieroglyphs):

Resources: Chart 17

Week 18

VOCAB: (MdC): iAbty, (English): eastern, (Hieroglyphs):
VOCAB: (MdC): iAbtt, (English): East, (Hieroglyphs):
VOCAB: (MdC): imnty, (English): western, (Hieroglyphs):
VOCAB: (MdC): imntt, (English): West, western, (Hieroglyphs):
VOCAB: (MdC): imntiyw, (English): Westerners, (Hieroglyphs):
VOCAB: (MdC): mHt, (English): north, (Hieroglyphs):
VOCAB: (MdC): mHty, (English): northern, (Hieroglyphs):
VOCAB: (MdC): rsy, (English): southern, (Hieroglyphs):

Resources: Chart 18

Week 19

VOCAB: (MdC): xnt, (English): before; in front of, (Hieroglyphs):
VOCAB: (MdC): xnty, (English): who is in front of; foremost, (Hieroglyphs):
VOCAB: (MdC): Smaw, (English): Upper Egypt, (Hieroglyphs):
VOCAB: (MdC): pDt, (English): bow; foreigner, (Hieroglyphs):
VOCAB: (MdC): mA-HD, (English): oryx, (Hieroglyphs):
VOCAB: (MdC): nwDw, (English): antelope, (Hieroglyphs):
VOCAB: (MdC): gHs, (English): gazelle, (Hieroglyphs):
VOCAB: (MdC): rn, (English): young, (Hieroglyphs):

Resources: Chart 19

Week 19

VOCAB: (MdC): Axt, (English): Akhet (inundation season), (Hieroglyphs):
VOCAB: (MdC): prt, (English): Peret (season of emergence), (Hieroglyphs):
VOCAB: (MdC): Smw, (English): Shemu (season of summer), (Hieroglyphs):
VOCAB: (MdC): Hsbt, (English): year (used for regnal dates), (Hieroglyphs):
VOCAB: (MdC): Abd, (English): month, (Hieroglyphs):
VOCAB: (MdC): sw, (English): day (in dates), (Hieroglyphs):

Resources: Chart 20

Week 21

VOCAB: (MdC): Axt, (English): horizon, (Hieroglyphs):
VOCAB: (MdC): xA, (English): one thousand, (Hieroglyphs):
VOCAB: (MdC): ra-Hr-(Axty), (English): Re-Horakhty, (Hieroglyphs):
VOCAB: (MdC): Xnm, (English): Khnum, (Hieroglyphs):
VOCAB: (MdC): nbwty, (English): He of Ombos (Seth), (Hieroglyphs):
VOCAB: (MdC): bHdt, (English): the Behedite, (Hieroglyphs):

Resources: Chart 21

Week 22

VOCAB: (MdC): mswt, (English): birth, (Hieroglyphs):
VOCAB: (MdC): nst, (English): seat, throne, (Hieroglyphs):
VOCAB: (MdC): Ast, (English): Isis, (Hieroglyphs):
VOCAB: (MdC): nt, (English): Neith, (Hieroglyphs):
VOCAB: (MdC): Hry-ib, (English): who dwells in, (Hieroglyphs):
VOCAB: (MdC): sAw, (English): Saw (Sais), (Hieroglyphs):

Resources: Chart 22

Week 23

VOCAB: (MdC): sAb, (English): many-coloured of plumage, (Hieroglyphs):
VOCAB: (MdC): msn, (English): Mesen, (Hieroglyphs):
VOCAB: (MdC): Xkrt, (English): ornament, (Hieroglyphs):
VOCAB: (MdC): anx.ti, (English): may she live, (Hieroglyphs):
VOCAB: (MdC): waty, (English): sole, unique, (Hieroglyphs):
VOCAB: (MdC): r-pa, (English): hereditary prince, (Hieroglyphs):

Resources: Chart 23

Week 24

VOCAB: (MdC): rx, (English): acquaintance, (Hieroglyphs):
VOCAB: (MdC): HAty-a, (English): high official, (Hieroglyphs):
VOCAB: (MdC): xtmw-bity, (English): sealer of the King of L.E., (Hieroglyphs):
VOCAB: (MdC): smr waty, (English): unique companion, (Hieroglyphs):
VOCAB: (MdC): mDAt, (English): document, (Hieroglyphs):
VOCAB: (MdC): rx nswt, (English): king's acquaintance, (Hieroglyphs):

Resources: Chart 24

Week 25

VOCAB: (MdC): 10 Smaw, (English): 10 of U.E., (Hieroglyphs):
VOCAB: (MdC): iry, (English): guardian, (Hieroglyphs): or
VOCAB: (MdC): apr, (English): crew; equip, (Hieroglyphs):
VOCAB: (MdC): aH, (English): palace, (Hieroglyphs):
VOCAB: (MdC): mSa, (English): army, expeditionary force, (Hieroglyphs):
VOCAB: (MdC): kAt, (English): work, (Hieroglyphs):

Resources: Chart 25

Week 26

VOCAB: (MdC): Hmwt, (English): craft, (Hieroglyphs):
VOCAB: (MdC): Hmwwt, (English): craftsmen, (Hieroglyphs):
VOCAB: (MdC): wab, (English): pure; purify; cleanse, (Hieroglyphs):
VOCAB: (MdC): wab, (English): purifier; wab priest, (Hieroglyphs):
VOCAB: (MdC): wr mAA, (English): great seer, (Hieroglyphs):
VOCAB: (MdC): mAA, (English): see, (Hieroglyphs):

Resources: Chart 26

Week 27

VOCAB: (MdC): it nTr, (English): god's father, (Hieroglyphs):,,
VOCAB: (MdC): Hm nTr, (English): god's servant, (Hieroglyphs):
VOCAB: (MdC): HmkA, (English): ka servant (mortuary priest), (Hieroglyphs):
VOCAB: (MdC): Hry-tp, (English): chief, (Hieroglyphs):
VOCAB: (MdC): Xr, (English): under; carrying, (Hieroglyphs):
VOCAB: (MdC): Xry Hbt, (English): lector priest, (Hieroglyphs):
VOCAB: (MdC): sm, (English): sem priest (funerary priest) (Hieroglyphs):

Resources: Chart 27

Week 28

VOCAB: (MdC): sStA, (English): secret, (Hieroglyphs):
VOCAB: (MdC): Hry sStA, (English): one who is over the secrets, (Hieroglyphs):
VOCAB: (MdC): Smaw, (English): musician; singer, (Hieroglyphs):
VOCAB: (MdC): Smayt, (English): chantress, (Hieroglyphs):
VOCAB: (MdC): dwA, (English): praise; worship, (Hieroglyphs):
VOCAB: (MdC): dwA nTr, (English): divine order, (Hieroglyphs):

Resources: Chart 28

Week 29

VOCAB: (MdC): nht, (English): sycamore, (Hieroglyphs):
VOCAB: (MdC): Hwt-Hr, (English): Hathor, (Hieroglyphs):
VOCAB: (MdC): iry-mDAt, (English): keeper of documents, (Hieroglyphs):
VOCAB: (MdC): smAa wDa-mdw, (English): arbitrator, (Hieroglyphs):
VOCAB: (MdC): Hwt-wrt, (English): law court, (Hieroglyphs):
VOCAB: (MdC): Ams, (English): ames scepter, (Hieroglyphs):

Resources: Chart 29

Week 30

VOCAB: (MdC): is, (English): tomb; council chamber, (Hieroglyphs):
VOCAB: (MdC): npt, (English): Nepet (a town), (Hieroglyphs):
VOCAB: (MdC): Hb, (English): festival, (Hieroglyphs):
VOCAB: (MdC): smsw is, (English): elder of the council chamber, (Hieroglyphs):
VOCAB: (MdC): sTt, (English): transport worker(s), (Hieroglyphs):
VOCAB: (MdC): Spntiw, (English): the Shepentiu, (Hieroglyphs):

Resources: Chart 30

Week 31

VOCAB: (MdC): mnw, (English): Min, (Hieroglyphs):
VOCAB: (MdC): mHyt, (English): Mehyt, (Hieroglyphs):
VOCAB: (MdC): smsw qd-Htp, (English): elder of the Qed-hetep, (Hieroglyphs):
VOCAB: (MdC): HA, (English): behind, (Hieroglyphs):
VOCAB: (MdC): sA, (English): protect, protection, (Hieroglyphs):,
VOCAB: (MdC): dbHt-Htp, (English): funerary meal, (Hieroglyphs):

Resources: Chart 31

Week 32 - Offering Prayers

VOCAB: (MdC): Htp di nswt, (English): An offering which the king gives… (long form), (Hieroglyphs):
VOCAB: (MdC): Htp di nswt, (English): An offering which the king gives…, (Hieroglyphs):
VOCAB: (MdC): Htp nswt wsir, (English): An offering which the king gives, and Osiris..., (Hieroglyphs):
VOCAB: (MdC): Htp di nswt inpw, (English): An offering which the king gives, and Anubis..., (Hieroglyphs):

Resources: Chart 32

Week 33 - Epithets of Osiris

VOCAB: (MdC): xnty imntiw, (English): foremost of the Westerners, (Hieroglyphs):
VOCAB: (MdC): nb Ddw, (English): Lord of Djedu (many spellings possible), (Hieroglyphs):
VOCAB: (MdC): nb AbDw, (English): Lord of Abydos, (Hieroglyphs):
VOCAB: (MdC): nTr aA, (English): great god, (Hieroglyphs):
VOCAB: (MdC): wnn-nfr, (English): Wenennefer, (Hieroglyphs):
VOCAB: (MdC): wsir / Asir, (English): Osiris (alternate spelling), (Hieroglyphs):
VOCAB: (MdC): mswt.f nb, (English): in all his seats, (Hieroglyphs):

Resources: Chart 33

Week 34 - Epithets of Anubis

VOCAB: (MdC): imy wt, (English): who is in the place of embalming, (Hieroglyphs):
VOCAB: (MdC): tpy Dw.f, (English): who is on his mountain, (Hieroglyphs):
VOCAB: (MdC): nb tA Dsr, (English): Lord of the sacred land (necropolis), (Hieroglyphs):
VOCAB: (MdC): wp-wAwt, (English): Opener of the Ways (Wepwawet), (Hieroglyphs):
VOCAB: (MdC): xnty sH nTr, (English): Foremost of the divine booth, (Hieroglyphs):
VOCAB: (MdC): m swt.f nb, (English): in all his seats, (Hieroglyphs):

Resources: Chart 34

Week 35 - Four Sons of Horus

VOCAB: (MdC): Hpy, (English): Hapy, (Hieroglyphs):
VOCAB: (MdC): qbH-snw.f, (English): Qebehsenuef, (Hieroglyphs):
VOCAB: (MdC): dwA-mwt.f, (English): Duamutef, (Hieroglyphs):
VOCAB: (MdC): imzTi, (English): Imsety, (Hieroglyphs):
Resources: Chart 35

Week 36

VOCAB: (MdC): pw, (English): this, that, (Hieroglyphs):
VOCAB: (MdC): Ha, (English): body, flesh, (Hieroglyphs):
VOCAB: (MdC): prt-xrw, (English): voice offerings, (Hieroglyphs):
VOCAB: (MdC): im, (English): therein/ on which, (Hieroglyphs):
VOCAB: (MdC): wrt, (English): very, (Hieroglyphs):
VOCAB: (MdC): mnxt, (English): linen; clothing, (Hieroglyphs):

Resources: Chart 36

Week 37

Resources: Chart 37

See also the Tools page for the Gardiner codes, dictionaries, charts, downloadable fonts, online hieroglyph translators and other learning tools.

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These videos are weekly revisions of the daily vocab that I'm delivering via Twitter at

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